Mendel’s have proposed three law on the basic of his experiment which are listed and explained below:-
Law of Dominance It states that “When a cross is made between two pure contrasting characters, only one of them is able to express phenotypically while the other remains hidden in F1 generation”. The character which can express itself is dominant and other one is recessive.
Law of Segregation or Law of Purity Of Gametes It states that “During the formation of gametes, alleles for particular character separates; they do not intermix with each other”. Hence gamete is always pure.
For example: A monohybrid cross between pure tall and pure dwarf plant results hybrid tall as F1 generation. It consist of Genotype ‘T t’.